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History

 

Empire Timeframe Area Capital
Sumers XXXVI BC - XX BC  Mesopotamia Ur
Egyptians XXXV BC - VI BC  Egypt, Sudan, Palestine Thebes
Elamites XXVIII BC - VII BC  Persia Elam
Minoans XXVI BC - XV BC  Crete Knossos
China XXIII BC - now  China Xian
Assyria XX BC - VII BC  Mesopotamia Ninive
Babylon XVIII BC - VI BC  Mesopotamia to Egypt Babylon
Hittites XVII BC - XIII  Turkey, Palestine, Egypt Hattusa
Achemenids XVII BC - XII BC  Greece Mycenae
Phoenicians XII BC - VIII BC  Mediterranean Tyro
Greece XII BC - IV BC  Greece, Italy, Turkey Athens
Persia IX BC - IV BC  Egypt to Iran Persepolis
Rome VIII BC - V AD  Portugal to Syria Rome
Macedonia IV BC - IV BC  Egypt to north India Alexandria
Seleucids IV BC - I BC  Turkey to Afghanistan Antioch
Bactria III BC - II BC  Afghanistan to India Sogdiana
Maurya IV BC - II BC  India Patna
Parthia III BC - III AD  Turkmenistan, Iran Nisa
Sassanids III AD - VII AD  Persia Ctesiphon
Japan I AD - XX AD  Japan, Korea Nara
Byzanthium V AD - XV AD  Turkey to north Africa Constantinople
France V AD - XX AD  west Europe France
north Africa
Arabs VII AD - XV AD  Iran to Spain Baghdad
Vikings IX AD - XII AD  Scandinavia to Britain Oslo
Spain IX AD - XX AD  Spain, South America Madrid
Maya IX AD - XV AD  Central America Tikal
Khmer IX AD - XV AD  Indochina Angkor
Russia X AD - now  Russia to Siberia Kiev
Poland X AD - XVII AD  Poland, west Russia Kracow
Britain X AD - XX AD  India, north America London
Africa, Australia
Mongols XIII AD - XV AD  China to Middle East Karakorum
Ottomans XIV AD - XX AD  Egypt to Mesopotamia Istanbul
Aztec XIV AD - XV AD  Mexico Tenochtitlan
Inca XV AD - XVI AD  Southwest America Cuzco
Mogul XV AD - XVIII AD  Afghanistan, north India Delhi
USA XIX AD - now North America Washington